Retiring to a Different State
Moving always requires serious consideration, no matter what your stage of life, whether you're moving
around the corner or around the world.
If you're thinking about retiring to another state, you'll have some additional issues -- social, medical,
financial, and legal -- to think about.
- Before moving, visit the new location at different times of the year to determine how comfortable you
are with the climate, the area, and the people.
- Avoid moving immediately after another change -- for example, relocating a week after retirement or
selling a home immediately following the death of a spouse.
- Consider making an extended trial visit (a month or more) or renting an apartment for a few months
before finding permanent housing.
- Make a list of the services you want to use. Check each county or town to determine whether needed
services are available. Your list of services should include the agency/company name, contact person,
phone number, counties served, fees, service limitations, regulations, and any eligibility requirements.
- Request information from the Chamber of Commerce about property and sales tax differences. Request
a packet of information about the community.
- Request a list of housing options. Visit different neighborhoods and retirement communities to get a
feel for what's available. If you have a pet, look for housing options that allow animals.
- If you own your current home, contact a local realtor to list the property. Selling the family home may
take considerable time and preparation. If you have adult children, they may want to be involved with
packing and other aspects of moving.
- Contact a moving company to get a moving and packing estimate.
- Distribution of household items is sometimes poignant. Be sure you know the layout of the new
residence to help you decide what to keep and what items will not fit. Create a list of the items that you'll
take with you, items that you want to give away and to whom, and items you want to store and how they
should be disbursed later. The remaining items can be claimed by your children or grandchildren, sold at a
garage sale, or taken to a donation center. Keep a list of the donated items for tax preparation purposes.
- The post office provides free "change of address" cards. Get enough cards and send to:
- book clubs
- charge cards
- financial adviser
- social security office
- insurance company
- maintenance companies
- mutual funds
- news agencies
- savings and loans
- voter registration office
- state income tax bureau
- stock broker
- motor vehicle department
- Veteran's Administration
- Send a letter to your bank to have funds transferred. Close your safety deposit box.
- Order checks for the new address before moving so you can write checks as soon as you arrive.
- The Internal Revenue Service requires a notification letter of an address change. The IRS doesn't
accept a change of address card.
- Check to see if a new driving test is needed in your new state.
- Talk about ways to maintain relationships with old friends. You may want to set up an annual reunion
in your old or new home, or start a round-robin letter to circulate among a group of friends.
- If you belong to any service clubs or organizations, check to see if there is a local chapter in the new
- Request a written medical history from your physician(s) and dentist.
- Keep a list of your current doctors', dentists', and pharmacists' addresses and phone numbers in case
you need to contact them from the new home.
- If you have a Medigap or other health insurance policy, check to make sure you can retain the benefits
in your new state.
- Have your pharmacy prepare a list of your prescriptions with noted side effects.
- Arrange for an ample supply of medications to cover your first few months after the relocation.
- Check with your accountant to determine what the tax consequences may be for the move, property
sale, and any other financial changes that may occur.
- Ask your insurance company what kind of rates to expect in communities you're considering. Home and
car insurance rates may vary widely depending on local conditions.
- Check for differences in financial benefits in the state where you're planning on moving, particularly if
you receive Medicaid or assistance from a state funded program.
Moving to a different state has legal implications for everyone, but especially for an older or retired person.
If you feel that now, or in the future, you'll need help managing personal and financial affairs, consult a
financial adviser or an attorney. It's better to make arrangements for power of attorney before you ever
need them. Otherwise, the transfer of legal responsilbility to another person must be completed through a
There are several legally recognized ways (besides a will) to document your wishes and protect your
individual rights. However, be aware that the legal options vary from state to state, and it is very important
to seek legal advice in the area you're planning to live before deciding what option is appropriate in your
Every adult should have a living will, a document which states the
circumstances in which you would and would not want life-prolonging medical procedures to be used.
Living wills are used if you cannot articulate your decision about treatment. Not only should you discuss
the legality of the document with an attorney, but also with your physician, to be sure that his/her health
care provider will follow the instructions. Living wills vary from state to state.
Important Legal Documents
Your children or other relatives will need to know where important financial and legal documents are
located in case anything happens to you. Regardless of what living situation you choose, take the
opportunity of relocation to assemble the following documents in one place for yourself, and give a copy
of each (or a list of documents and where they are, if you prefer) to each child or appropriate family
Spouse's death certificate
Social security card
Health care power of attorney
Health insurance policies, contact name
Life insurance policies
Disability insurance policy
Funeral instructions and prepaid funeral contracts
Deed to cemetery plot
Durable power of attorney
Home deed and title
Homeowner or apartment insurance policy
Appraisals on jewelry, art, antiques
Automobile insurance policy
Medicaid card and records
While many of the following issues may seem to be distant concerns, it's a good idea to research them now
before you move. If you have any of the following arrangements already in place, you'll want to make sure
they'll still be legal in your new community.
- Trusts. These sre arrangements that give your property to somebody else to hold for the
beneficiaries. There are many types of trusts; you may want property held in trust for a child or
grandchild; consult an attorney for more information.
- Representative Payee. Through the social security office, you can appoint an adult child or
other representative as the payee on your Social Security or other public assistance check.
- Power of Attorney. This grants a child or other representative the right to act on your behalf in
financial or business matters. This is only valid while you allow the right.
- Durable Power of Attorney. This is similar to a power of attorney, except it remains in effect
even if you should become incompetent.
- Medical Power of Attorney. This gives a representative the authority to make medical
decisions for you when you are no longer able to do so.
- Guardianship.In the absence of a power of attorney, a person may, through the court system, be
assigned the partial or full responsibility of handling all the day-to-day matters (financial, medical, and
personal) of your parent.
Resources For Further Information
Consumers Guide Editors.
Best-Rated Retirement Cities.
NAL-Dutton, 1988, 160 pp., $6.95. Call 1-800-526-0275 to order.
Sunbelt Retirement: Complete State by State Guide.
Scott, Foresman, 1992, 350 pp., $16.95. Call 1-800-554-4411 to order.
Ford, Norman D.
The Fifty Healthiest Places to Live and Retire in the U.S.
Ballantine Books, 1992, 272 pp., $4.99. Call 1-800-733-3000 to order.
Friedman, Jack P., and Jack C. Harris.
Keys to Buying a Retirement Home.
Barron's Educational Series, 1991, 160pp., $5.95. Call 1-800-645-3476 to order.
Lee, Fred, and Alice Lee.
The Fifty Best Retirement Communities in America.
St. Martin's Press, 1994, 304 pp., $13.95. Call 1-800-221-7945 to order.
Savageau, David, ed.
Retirement Places Rated, Third Edition.
Prentice Hall, 1990, $16.95. Call 1-800-223-2348 to order.
For more information or a list of other Heritage Planning educational materials on helping your parents, contact:
Richard Smith or Roger Erickson
Professional Educators Benefits Company
Post Office Box 37102
Tallahassee, Florida 32315-7102
Telephone: Richard Smith: 850-385-2627, Roger Erickson: 850-385-5135
In Florida, outside Leon County call: 1-800-260-6573